Long Term Weight Loss Decreases AF Symptoms
According to a new research, structured programs which are known for promoting healthy eating behaviors when it comes to losing weight in a long term basis may end up spelling relief from AF symptoms.
The study, Long-Term Effect of Goal directed Weight Management on an Arial Fibrillation Cohort (Legacy), saw over 300 adults who have AF taking part. In addition to that the 300 also had a body mass index of at least 27 kg/m2.
The researchers in the study discovered that the subgroup which had a weight loss of at least 10% in a period of one year after completing a management program which was led by a Physician had a high reduction in severe symptoms of AF as compared to the group that lost less weight.
The findings of the study were published in the American College of Cardiology Journal.
"Weight-loss is associated with a dose-dependent reduction in AF burden," the researchers who were led by Dr Rajeev Pathak wrote. That said they also noted that fluctuation in weight can result into adverse effects.
"Considering the dual epidemic of obesity and AF, primary- and secondary-prevention strategies should be increasingly utilized," they added.
With regards to earlier studies which have shown that AF burden can be decreased by losing weight the researchers wrote that, "Whether this is sustained, has a dose effect, or is influenced by weight-fluctuation is not known."
"This study demonstrates that in overweight and obese individuals with symptomatic AF, progressive weight loss has a dose-dependent effect on long-term freedom from AF," write the investigators.